Alexandria is Egypt’s second-largest metropolis with a inhabitants of about 4 million. It’s the largest metropolis within the Mediterranean and is called “The Pearl of the Mediterranean”. It stayed the capital of Egypt for almost 1,000 years and was massively affluent due to its important buying and selling space between the Mediterranean and the Pink Sea. Alexandria was the main target level of studying for the traditional world and retains its tutorial significance to today. It’s recognized for its lovely sights and insights. Guests come to it for its nice diving locations and its seashores that are among the many finest in Egypt if not the Mediterranean. Its most well-known shores are the seashores of Al-Ma’moura, Mandara, Al-Assafrah, Mami, Sidi Bishr, and Montazah, simply as Sidi Gaber, Rushdi, Stanley, Gleem, and Cleopatra. Alexandria is taken into account probably the greatest summer time resorts on this a part of the world. In distinction to quite a few totally different areas of Egypt, its cultural heritage, the local weather of heat summers, mild winters, and pleasingly heat spring and fall months, and its cosmopolitan local weather give it a Mediterranean vibe.
Alexandria is the Mediterranean’s dazzling jewel of a metropolis, dwelling to the Nice Library of Alexandria and the colossal Pharos Lighthouse – one of many seven wonders of the traditional world. Plan your journey with our listing of the highest 5 sights and issues to do in Alexandria.
1. Bibliotheca Alexandrina
Alexandria’s historic library was one of many biggest of all classical establishments, which was burned down within the first century and plenty of of its helpful books destroyed. The brand new library will not be as important and wealthy because the previous one, but it’s nonetheless an infinite library and a big social heart, together with three exhibition halls, 4 artwork galleries, a planetarium, and a laboratory the place they rescue and repair previous authentic copies. Additionally they have an honest phase of youngsters’s books, which will be amusing to discover if you happen to’re on trip along with your kids.
The Corniche is a flawless waterfront promenade that runs alongside the Japanese Harbor for 16km (10mi) and ends by the Montazah Palace. The promenade presents a stunning view of the bay and Mediterranean; it’s in all probability the perfect spot within the metropolis to take a stroll, earlier than stopping for a drink. Come right here in summer time, simply after dinner, when the lights and air are enchanting. A lot of the structure stands alongside the Corniche, although nowadays, a lot of it’s closely dilapidated and falling into disrepair. Throughout your stroll, you’ll be able to see probably the most well-known landmarks such because the multiple-domed Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque and the still-standing heritage lodges, the Steigenberger Cecil Lodge and Paradise Inn Windsor Palace Lodge.
3. Citadel of Qaitbay
The Citadel was based in 1477 AD by a sultan named Al-Ashraf Sayf El-Din Qaitbay. It’s situated on the Mediterranean Beach, located on the jap aspect of the northern tip of Pharos Island. Constructed on the positioning of the Alexandria’s, one of the vital surviving Seven Wonders of the Historic World, the Fifteenth-century Citadel of Qaitbay (often called Fort Qaitbey) is a postcard-pretty sea fort. The parapets present broad metropolis views, the small museum incorporates maritime relics and aquariums, and three pillars in all probability date from the lighthouse.
4. Royal Jewellery Museum
The Royal Jewellery Museum celebrates the Egyptian royal household established by Mohamed Ali Pasha in 1805. The gathering is displayed within the dazzling palace of Princess Fatma El Zahraa, a descendent of Mohamed Ali Pasha. The palace acts as a placing background to the nice belongings owned by the household over the span of their rule. It apparently blends European and Islamic kinds and mirrors the outstanding style of the princess within the work, glided roofs, and mosaics adorning the quite a few rooms of the fortress. The wealthy way of life of the ruling household is mirrored within the museum’s assortment similar to a gold chessboard, gold binoculars encrusted with jewels, rubies and emeralds, and gold cups embellished with helpful stones.
5. Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa
This archaeological website is taken into account one of many Seven Wonders of the Center Ages. The graveyard has a collection of tombs, sculptures, and archaeological objects. If you come to Alexandria, don’t miss the chance to go to the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, which implies “Mound of Shards” and is thought to incorporate Roman, Greek, and Egyptian cultural factors and its partitions include the distinctive inscriptions of every of them. These days, the catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa are thought-about considered one of Alexandria’s predominant sights as a consequence of their mixture of the beforehand talked about civilizations.
Alexandria’s sights by no means fail to blow the vacationers’ minds away, and at present the world has turn into considered one of Egypt’s tourism hotspots. Among the most well-known sights as talked about earlier than are the Citadel of Qaitbey, Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, and the New Library of Alexandria which can also be dwelling to world-class artwork galleries and a tremendous planetarium. If you’re keen to go to Alexandria if you come to Egypt, we will information you thru each step of your journey, suggesting the perfect lodges, taking you to probably the most lovely locations, and providing wonderful locations to eat at. With the assistance of our Egypt non-public excursions, you’ll uncover all of them plus all of the wonderful sights within the different cities of the nation.
Sherif Khalil is Proprietor of Dunes & Past. Dunes & Past presents luxurious excursions, Nile cruises and desert safaris in Egypt.
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